The Cybersecurity Risks of ChatGPT & How to Protect Against Them - (2023)

The Cybersecurity Risks of ChatGPT & How to Protect Against Them - (1)

We are entering a new era of communication, with the introduction of ChatGPT (Generative Pre-trained Transformer) technology. This revolutionary platform offers highly personalized conversations that can generate natural language responses tailored to the user’s unique context and experience.

While this technology is incredibly powerful, it also presents significant cybersecurity risks that must be addressed in order to protect users and their data. Here, we’ll discuss 12 of the most common cybersecurity risks associated with ChatGPT, as well as best practices for keeping your data safe.

1. Unsecured Data

With ChatGPT technology, unsecured data can be easily exploited by malicious actors. To ensure your data is safe from prying eyes, it’s important to implement strong encryption protocols and ensure all data is securely stored.

This is why things like crypto lending or staking use a decentralized ledger so that it’s impossible for malicious actors to access the data within.

This is especially safe with ChatGPT because of how quickly it can process and store large amounts of data. It’s important to ensure your data is encrypted both in transit and at rest so that even if a malicious actor was able to gain access, they would be unable to read or exploit the information.

2. Bot Takeovers

A bot takeover is when a malicious actor is able to gain control of ChatGPT and use it for their own purposes. This can be done by exploiting vulnerabilities in the code, or by simply guessing the user’s password.

ChatGPT bots are great for automating certain tasks, but they can also provide an avenue for remote attackers to take control of them. To protect against this possibility, it’s essential to secure your systems with strong authentication protocols and regularly patch any known software vulnerabilities.

(Video) The Cybersecurity Risks of Generative AI and ChatGPT

For example, you should use multi-factor authentication whenever possible, and regularly change your passwords to ensure they remain secure. Additionally, it’s important to keep up with security updates and patch any software vulnerabilities that are discovered.

3. Data Leakage

Data leakage is a common risk when using ChatGPT technology. Whether it’s due to improper configuration or malicious actors, data can easily be exposed or stolen from ChatGPT systems.

To protect against this possibility, it’s important to implement strong access controls so only authorized personnel can access the system and its resources. Additionally, regular monitoring of all activity on the system is essential for detecting any suspicious behavior or incidents in a timely manner.

Finally, setting up regular backups of all data stored in the system will ensure that even if a breach does occur, you’ll still be able to quickly recover any lost information.

A vulnerable user interface can leave users open to attack. To protect against this risk, make sure the front end of your ChatGPT platform is secure and regularly updated with the latest security patches.

4. Malware Infections

As with any software platform, malicious code can be introduced into a ChatGPT system through user input or downloads from third-party sources. Regularly scan your system for malware and install protective measures such as anti-virus software to detect and remove threats before they become an issue.

5. Unauthorized Access

To ensure only authorized users have access to the system, put preventive measures in place that require strong passwords and two-factor authentication. This is especially important when it comes to ChatGPT because of how sophisticated the phishing capabilities are.

(Video) What You Need to Know About OpenAI's New ChatGPT Bot - And How it Affects Cybersecurity? SANS Panel

Imagine that you are using a ChatGPT to talk to your customers, and you have a customer who accidentally clicks on a malicious link. The attacker could then gain access to the system and cause damage or steal data.

By requiring strong passwords and two-factor authentication for all users, you can reduce the chances of this happening. Additionally, regularly audit user accounts to ensure no unauthorized users are accessing the system.

6. Brute Force Attacks

The brute force capabilities that cybercriminals now have with chatGPT are more sophisticated than ever before. To protect against these attacks, you should use strong passwords and two-factor authentication for all users on the system. Additionally, set up automated monitoring to detect any suspicious activities or attempts to brute force their way into the system.

For example, if someone tries to access the system with an incorrect password too many times, the system should automatically lock them out and alert the administrators.

7. DDoS & Spam Attacks

Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) and spam attacks are other common forms of cyber attack that can be used against ChatGPT systems. To protect against these threats, it’s important to monitor network traffic for any suspicious or abnormally high levels of activity.

Additionally, use a web application firewall (WAF) to filter malicious requests before they reach your server. Finally, make sure you have a plan in place to respond quickly if an attack were to occur.

8. Information Overload & Limitations

The sheer amount of information that is generated by ChatGPT can be overwhelming at times, and some systems may not be able to handle the load. Make sure your system has adequate resources available to deal with high levels of traffic without being overwhelmed.

(Video) cybersecurity concerns with chatgpt

Additionally, consider using analytics tools and other artificial intelligence technologies to help manage the data overload issue.

9. Phishing

If you thought phishing was bad now and getting increasingly harder to confront and combat, wait until it gets rolling with the new chatGPT technology.

Cybercriminals now have more sophisticated methods of targeting unsuspecting users, such as natural language processing (NLP) and artificial intelligence.

To protect against phishing attacks, it’s important to train your team how to spot a potential attack before it happens. Additionally, use two-factor authentication whenever possible to add an extra layer of security and prevent malicious actors from accessing the system.

10. Privacy & Confidentiality Issues

ChatGPT systems can be vulnerable to privacy and confidentiality issues if not properly secured. To ensure that user data remains private, make sure you are using a secure communication protocol (SSL/TLS) and encrypting any sensitive data being stored on the server.

Also, put in place controls for who can access and use the data, such as requiring user authentication before granting access.

11. Supply Chain Risks

Like any other system, ChatGPT is only as secure as its weakest link. This means that if one of your suppliers or vendors is compromised, your entire system could be vulnerable to attack.

(Video) Cybersecurity Trends for 2023

To protect against this risk, it’s important to vet all third-party providers and perform regular security audits on their systems to ensure they are taking appropriate measures to protect your data.

12. Insufficient Logging & Auditing

Without proper logging and auditing of user activity, it can be difficult to track would-be attackers and their activities. Implement comprehensive logging systems that capture information such as IP addresses, timestamps, user accounts and more so that any suspicious activity can quickly be identified.


These are just a few of the most common cyber security risks associated with ChatGPT technology – there are many others that must be taken into consideration when developing or using this type of platform.

Working with an experienced team of cybersecurity professionals can help ensure all potential threats are addressed before they become a problem. Investing in effective cybersecurity solutions is key to keeping your data safe and protecting your organization’s reputation.

Taking the necessary steps now can save time and money down the road.

By investing in strong cybersecurity measures and training users on best practices for keeping their data secure, you can keep your ChatGPT platform functioning safely and securely.

Continue to monitor your system regularly and stay up-to-date on the latest cyber security news and trends to ensure your platform remains secure. With the right steps in place, you can ensure your ChatGPT platform is safe and protected from potential threats.

(Video) ChatGPT For Cybersecurity


What are the security risks of chatbots? ›

Chatbots Used for Phishing

Chatbots have been used to create elaborate, more believable, and more human-like phishing emails into which threat actors can add malware. The emails can be tailored to certain companies or organizations or more realistic attempts to harvest credentials.

What are the security controls of chatbots? ›

Chatbots use two main security processes – authentication (user identity verification) and authorisation (granting permission for a user to access a portal or carry out a certain task).

Is chatbot AI safe? ›

Most of the time, chatbots are legitimate and as safe as any other apps or websites. Security measures like encryption, data redaction, multi-factor authentication, and cookies keep information secure on chatbots.

What are the risks of generative AI? ›

Through generative AI, attackers may generate new and complex types of malware, phishing schemes and other cyber dangers that can avoid conventional protection measures. Such assaults may have significant repercussions like data breaches, financial losses and reputational risks.

What is the biggest problem with chatbots? ›

7 Reasons Chatbots Fail and How We Can Fix it
  • Not identifying the customer's use case. ...
  • Not understanding customer emotion and intent. ...
  • The chatbot lacks transparency. ...
  • When customers prefer human agents. ...
  • Not able to address personalized customer issues. ...
  • Lacking data collection and analysis functions. ...
  • Not aligning with the brand.
Dec 2, 2021

What are the disadvantages of chatbots? ›

One of the major drawbacks of chatbots is the number of queries it can resolve. At a certain point in time, it will have to connect to an actual human to resolve the issues. They also have limited replies and solutions which can leave a customer unsatisfied.

What are the three 3 common security controls in cyber security? ›

There are three main types of IT security controls including technical, administrative, and physical.

How do I make my chatbot secure? ›

Chatbot Security Best Practices
  1. End-to-end encryption. End-to-end encryption. ...
  2. Biometric authentication. Biometric authentication. ...
  3. User Identity Authentication. ...
  4. Enable Two-Factor Authentication. ...
  5. Use HTTPS. ...
  6. Scan your website for vulnerabilities. ...
  7. Self-Destructive Messages.

What are the three 3 types of security controls? ›

There are three primary areas or classifications of security controls. These include management security, operational security, and physical security controls.

Why not to use chatbot? ›

Don't Understand Natural Language

Most chatbots are unable to adapt their language to match that of humans, which means slang, misspellings, and sarcasm are often not understood by a bot. This means chatbots typically can't be used for channels that are public and highly personal like Facebook and Instagram.

What is the warning about AI chatbot? ›

The report said that the chatbots created by hackers can impersonate humans or legitimate sources, like a bank or government entity. They can then manipulate victims into giving their personal information to steal money or commit fraud.

What does chatbot do with your data? ›

Chatbots can use machine learning algorithms to analyze data and improve their performance. For instance, if you're chatting with a chatbot designed to provide customer support, the chatbot may use machine learning to analyze previous customer interactions and learn how to respond better.

What are the 4 risks dangers of AI? ›

Some of the biggest risks today include things like consumer privacy, biased programming, danger to humans, and unclear legal regulation.

What is the biggest risk of AI? ›

Although AI is very helpful, it can also pose serious dangers to society. Perhaps the biggest one is unemployment. People usually enter the workforce in their 20s; that's two decades of care and education required to make someone economically useful.

Why people don t like chatbots? ›

Lack of Human Interaction

Customers value and respect human interaction, chatbots often fail to deliver on this front. While chatbots can be useful for basic inquiries, customers may become will become frustrated when they need more personalised attention.

What problems can be solved with chatbot? ›

What problems do chatbots solve?
  • Guide a visitor to the right place on your site.
  • Identify the best product or service for their needs.
  • Gather contact information for sales and retargeting.
  • Gather data about customer interests and behaviour.
  • Qualify a them a MLQ or SQL and link them up to a sales rep.
Jan 15, 2023

What are the usability issues of chatbots? ›

Design Limitations

Chatbots have limits to what they can provide due to their size, complexity and interface, especially on mobile. Some may handle voice-to-text well, while others don't. And a chatbox may be incapable of displaying all of a user's options in a digestible format.

What are the 3 key prevention measures of cyber attacks? ›

4 Things to Keep You Cyber Safe
  • Turn on Multifactor Authentication. Implement multifactor authentication on your accounts and make it significantly less likely you'll get hacked.
  • Update Your Software. Update your software. ...
  • Think Before You Click. Think before you click. ...
  • Use Strong Passwords.
Dec 18, 2022

What are the 5 physical security controls required for information security? ›

Physical security controls include such things as data center perimeter fencing, locks, guards, access control cards, biometric access control systems, surveillance cameras, and intrusion detection sensors.

Can ChatBot be tracked? ›

You can easily add your Google Analytics tracking code to any of your chatbots, in order to track visitor behaviour and demographics.

What is alternative solution to ChatBot? ›

Other important factors to consider when researching alternatives to ChatBot include ease of use and reliability. We have compiled a list of solutions that reviewers voted as the best overall alternatives and competitors to ChatBot, including Drift, Intercom, IBM Watson Assistant, and TARS.

What are the three 3 fundamental security requirements? ›

The fundamental principles (tenets) of information security are confidentiality, integrity, and availability. Every element of an information security program (and every security control put in place by an entity) should be designed to achieve one or more of these principles. Together, they are called the CIA Triad.

What are the examples of preventive security controls? ›

Preventative controls are designed to be implemented prior to a threat event and reduce and/or avoid the likelihood and potential impact of a successful threat event. Examples of preventative controls include policies, standards, processes, procedures, encryption, firewalls, and physical barriers.

What are the 4 forms of security? ›

There are four main types of security: debt securities, equity securities, derivative securities, and hybrid securities, which are a combination of debt and equity.

Do chatbots need maintenance? ›

However, chatbots need regular training and maintenance to keep pace with the changing user demands and content. They need improvement to perform optimally and offer the best user experience.

What are ethical issues with AI chatbots? ›

Bias: AI chatbots are only as unbiased as the data they are trained on. Biases in data can lead to biased decisions and responses from chatbots. Developers must ensure that their chatbots are trained on diverse and representative data to avoid perpetuating bias and discrimination.

How to crash a AI chatbot? ›

How to Break a Chatbot - Eight Ways
  1. 1 - Tell the Chatbot to Reset or Start Over. ...
  2. 2 - Use Filler Language. ...
  3. 3 - Ask Whatever Is on the Display Button. ...
  4. 4 - Answering Outside the Pre-Selected Responses. ...
  5. 5 - Ask for Help or Assistance. ...
  6. 6 - Answer the Question with Non-Traditional Answers. ...
  7. 7 - Say Goodbye. ...
  8. 8 - Ask Odd Questions.

What data is collected from chatbots? ›

The chatbots receive data inputs to provide relevant answers or responses to the users. Therefore, the data you use should consist of users asking questions or making requests. It will help this computer program understand requests or the question's intent, even if the user uses different words.

Where is chatbot data stored? ›

Chatbot conversations can be stored in a SQL database that is hosted on a cloud platform. For example, if you were planning on creating a chatbot within the Microsoft Teams platform, you could use CosmosDB, a noSQL database with open APIs, to store your conversations and use PowerBI to visualize the reports.

What type of data do chatbots use? ›

Chatbot data includes text from emails, websites, and social media. It can also include transcriptions (different technology) from customer interactions like customer support or a contact center. You can process a large amount of unstructured data in rapid time with many solutions.

How can AI risks be prevented? ›

Six Ways To Manage Risk in Your AI Systems
  1. Build integrity into your organization's AI from the design stage. ...
  2. Onboard AI as your organization would new employees and third-party vendors. ...
  3. Ingrain AI into your organizational culture before deployment. ...
  4. Manage, evaluate, and hold AI accountable.

How do you mitigate the risk of AI? ›

While there is no one-size-fits-all approach, practices institutions might consider adopting to mitigate AI risk include oversight and monitoring, enhancing explainability and interpretability, as well as exploring the use of evolving risk-mitigating techniques like differential privacy, and watermarking, among others.

How can we prevent dangers of AI? ›

Public concerns about AI dangers are warranted.
Empower the AI ethics board
  1. Select effective members. As well as overrepresenting those who will be impacted by your AI technologies, make sure the board is truly independent. ...
  2. Enable relevant and transparent feedback. ...
  3. Organize for accountability.
Jul 22, 2020

What did Elon Musk say about AI? ›

AI is more dangerous than say mismanaged aircraft design or production maintenance or bad car production,” Musk said in the Fox News interview. “It has the potential of civilizational destruction.”

What are some risks related to AI that should be disclosed? ›

What Are the Risks of Artificial Intelligence?
  • Lack of AI Implementation Traceability. ...
  • Introducing Program Bias into Decision Making. ...
  • Data Sourcing and Violation of Personal Privacy. ...
  • Black Box Algorithms and Lack of Transparency. ...
  • Unclear Legal Responsibility.
Apr 28, 2021

What are 3 problems with AI? ›

Notwithstanding the tangible and monetary benefits, AI has various shortfall and problems which inhibits its large scale adoption. The problems include Safety, Trust, Computation Power, Job Loss concern, etc.

What are the two types of problems in AI? ›

The most prevalent problem types are classification, continuous estimation and clustering. I will try and give some clarification about the types of problems we face with AI and some specific examples for applications.

What are 3 advantages and disadvantages of artificial intelligence? ›

The advantages range from streamlining, saving time, eliminating biases, and automating repetitive tasks, just to name a few. The disadvantages are things like costly implementation, potential human job loss, and lack of emotion and creativity.

What are platform security controls? ›

Platform security offers coherent and comprehensive security that protects from attacks across the entire threat landscape and in each layer of enterprise infrastructure and software. The amount of time necessary to detect threats is greatly reduced. Organizations obtain increased visibility into the security posture.

What is automated security controls? ›

Security automation is the machine-based execution of security actions, which can detect, investigate and remediate cyber threats with or without human intervention. Security automation has the potential to identify incoming threats, triage and prioritize alerts as they emerge, and perform automated incident response.

What are the two models of controlling a botnet? ›

How are Botnets Controlled? Bot herders control their botnets through one of two structures: a centralized model with direct communication between the bot herder and each computer, and a decentralized system with multiple links between all the infected botnet devices.

What are security controls in AWS? ›

To help meet your company's security policy and standards, security controls are the technical or administrative guardrails that help prevent, detect, or reduce the ability of a threat actor to exploit a security vulnerability.

What are the 4 types of security controls? ›

There are many different types of security controls in cybersecurity. Some of the more common ones are firewalls, intrusion detection and prevention systems, access control lists, and cryptographic technologies. Each of these controls serves a different purpose.

What are the essential 8 security controls? ›

What is the ACSC Essential Eight?
  • Application Control.
  • Application Patching.
  • Restrict Administrative Privileges.
  • Patch Operating Systems.
  • Configure Microsoft Office Macro Settings.
  • Using Application Hardening.
  • Multi-Factor Authentication.
  • Regular Backups.

What are the six security control functional types? ›

In terms of their functional usage, security countermeasures can be classified to be: preventive, detective, deterrent, corrective, recovery, and compensating.

What are examples of security controls cyber? ›

Digital security controls include such things as usernames and passwords, two-factor authentication, antivirus software, and firewalls. Cybersecurity controls include anything specifically designed to prevent attacks on data, including DDoS mitigation, and intrusion prevention systems.

What is an example of security access control? ›

Access control is a security measure which is put in place to regulate the individuals that can view, use, or have access to a restricted environment. Various access control examples can be found in the security systems in our doors, key locks, fences, biometric systems, motion detectors, badge system, and so forth.

How many security controls are there in NIST? ›

Eighteen different control families and more than 900 separate security controls are included in NIST SP 800-53 R4. NIST controls are often used to improve an organization's information security standards, risk posture, and cybersecurity framework.

What are bot attacks? ›

A bot attack is a type of cyber attack that uses automated scripts to disrupt a site, steal data, make fraudulent purchases, or perform other malicious actions. These attacks can be deployed against many different targets, such as websites, servers, APIs, and other endpoints.

What is the difference between a bot and a botnet? ›

A botnet (short for “robot network”) is a network of computers infected by malware that are under the control of a single attacking party, known as the “bot-herder.” Each individual machine under the control of the bot-herder is known as a bot.

What is AWS security called? ›

Protect AWS accounts with intelligent threat detection. Amazon GuardDuty. Automated and continual vulnerability management at scale. Amazon Inspector. Automatically centralize your security data in a few steps.

At what three levels is security handled? ›

The security features governing the security of an identity can be divided into three levels of security, i.e. Level 1 Security (L1S) (Overt), Level 2 Security (L2S) (Covert) and Level 3 Security (L3S) (Forensic).

What type of security does AWS use? ›

AWS Key Management Service

AWS KMS uses hardware security modules (HSM) to protect and validate your AWS KMS keys under the FIPS 140-2 Cryptographic Module Validation Program . AWS KMS is integrated with AWS CloudTrail to provide you with logs of all key usage to help meet your regulatory and compliance needs.


1. Generative AI's Potential Cyber Security Risks
(Bloomberg Television)
2. App and cyber security: The risks are real | DW Business
(DW News)
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5. Cyber expert warns of threats posed by AI chatbots


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